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General papers

General scientific papers on uranium weapons.


  • Malignant Effects: depleted uranium as a genotoxin and carcinogen

    1524 Kb - Format pdf
    The purpose of this report is to introduce the reader to the growing weight of evidence relating to how DU can damage DNA, interfere with cellular processes and contribute to the development of cancer. The report uses peer-reviewed studies, many of which have been published during the last decade and, wherever possible, has sought to simplify the scientific language to make it accessible to the lay reader.
  • A Review of Depleted Uranium Biological Effects: In Vitro Studies

    4875 Kb - Format pdf
    Dr Alexandra Miller - Source:
    Presentation by Dr Alexandra Miller of the US Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute (AFRRI) compiling the in vitro research by AFRRI and others into the biological effects of depleted uranium exposure. Conclusions from in Vitro studies: 1. DU induces neoplastic transformation, mutagenicity, and genotoxicity in vitro. 2. DU is involved in uranium-induced genomic instability. 3. Alpha particles similar in energy and distribution to those resulting from cellular uranium exposure to DU are sufficient to transform cells. 4. Radiation bystander effects are involved in uranium-induced neoplastic transformation and genomic instability.
  • A Review of Depleted Uranium Biological Effects: In Vivo Studies

    1199 Kb - Format pdf
    Dr Alexandra Miller - Source:
    Presentation by Dr Alexandra Miller of the US Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute (AFRRI) compiling the in vivo research by AFRRI and others into the biological effects of depleted uranium exposure. Conclusions from in Vivo studies: Internalised chronic DU exposure in vivo: 1. causes uranium re-distribution to multiple organs. 2. is associated with mutagenicity. 3. Induces chromosomal damage. 4. Induces leukeamia development in mice. 5. Causes preconceptional paternal exposure to induce genomic damage in unexposed offspring. 6. Induces germ cell DNA damage.
  • CERRIE Report

    1931 Kb - Format pdf
    Final report of the UK Government's Committee Examining the radiation Risks of Internal Emitters.
  • IEER Report 2006 - Science for the Vulnerable

    754 Kb - Format pdf
    IEER - Source:
    Setting Radiation and Multiple Exposure Environmental Health Standards to Protect Those Most at Risk
  • The Health Effects of DU

    48 Kb - Format pdf
    Dr Katsumi Furitsu
    Some comments on the health effects of Depleted Uranium Weapons. Katsumi Furitsu M.D. Ph.D., Science Team, ICBUW Workshop: Towards a Uranium Weapons Treaty, Wednesday April 2, 2008, UN Geneva.
  • Critique of US NRC Report

    57 Kb - Format pdf
    ICBUW Science Team
    The National Defense Authorization Act of 2007 signed into law by President Bush in October of 2006, contained legislation pertaining to depleted uranium. Section 716 called for a comprehensive study of the health effects of depleted uranium (DU) due to the use of DU weapons, to be completed within a year. The U.S. Department of Defense asked the National Research Council to oversee this project and the result was The Review of Toxicologic and Radiologic Risks to Military Personnel from Exposure to Depleted Uranium During and After Combat published by the National Academies of Sciences in 2008.

    The report leaves out over two dozen recent peer-reviewed articles, mostly indicating potentially harmful effects of DU.
  • Review of latest published papers on DU

    249 Kb - Format pdf
    ICBUW Science Team
    During the past several years many scientific papers have been published on the issue of health effects of DU. They have provided us with a more profound and solid understanding of the issue grounded on basic scientific evidence from both animal and cellular studies that suggest deleterious effects on human health from inhaled DU particles through both radiological action and chemical toxicity, as well as possible synergistic effects from the radioactivity and chemical toxicity of DU combined.
  • UNIDIR - The health hazards of uranium weapons

    226 Kb - Format pdf
    Dr Ian Fairlie - Source:
    For over two decades, there has been considerable public debate about the health effects of depleted uranium (DU). Military services in many countries use depleted uranium in munitions and to strengthen armour in vehicles. This is because uranium is a very dense metal (approximately 70% more dense than lead), which is useful in a military context—and the chemical and physical properties of natural uranium metal and DU metal are very similar. DU alloys are very hard and pyrophoric, properties which make them superior to tungsten armour-piercing munitions. DU armour-plating is also more resistant to penetration by conventional anti-tank munitions. DU munitions were first used extensively in the First Gulf War (1991), in Bosnia (1995) and Kosovo (1999), and continue to be used in Iraq since 2003 and perhaps in Afghanistan since 2002.
  • Radiation Dosimetry: Why Internal Emitters Are Different

    25 Kb - Format pdf
    Dr Philip Day
    An appraisal by Dr Philip Day, University of Manchester. When ionising radiation passes through biological tissue it generates reactive chemical species, which may subsequently interact with crucial biochemical processes and generate adverse biological effects. The science of radiation dosimetry seeks to relate these biological outcomes to the radiation energy absorbed by the tissues, the so-called absorbed dose.
  • Health Effects of DU 2006

    600 Kb - Format pdf
    Gretel Munroe
    This paper is about depleted uranium, and the harm it may cause to human beings primarily as a result of its use in weapons. It deals with exposure dose, basic biological considerations and recent research. To date research has been done mostly in animals and cellular studies and to a far lesser extent in humans. The paper discusses the results of fact-finding missions of the UN Environmental Program in the Balkans. It also deals with Iraq, largely post-war 2003. There is controversy now about DU causing cancers and other illnesses; if we wait the 10-30 year latency period of lung cancer, for example, to resolve this issue, irreparable harm may already have been done to people.