The AMX-30 first went into production in 1966, and stayed in production until 1993. It was built by Giat (now Nexter), and is equipped with a 105 mm gun called the CN-105-F1.
The AMX-30 has a range of bespoke ammunition, but it can also fire ammunition designed for use with the British L7 or US M68 cannons. Available rounds include High Explosive Anti Tank, High Explosive, Phosphorus Smoke and Illumination rounds, as well as both tungsten and uranium based Armour Piercing, Fin Stabilised, Discarding Sabot Tracer rounds. In combat, the AMX-30 can carry 47 single rounds.
The uranium round designed for use with the AMX-30 is the OFL 105 F2. Although the AMX-30 was deployed by French forces in the 1991 Gulf War, the OFL 105 F2 is thought to have come into service after 1993.
The AMX-30 has been exported to a number of countries: Bosnia & Herzegovina, Chile, Cyprus, Greece, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Venezuela and the United Arab Emirates. It has also been built under license in Spain. However there is no indication that the OFL 105 F2 was exported to these countries.
There are a number of different versions of the AMX-30. The AMX-30S, a desert combat version and the AMX-30B2, which featured a number of upgrades, still retain the 105 mm gun. Other versions such as the AMX-30 Bridgelayer, and the AMX-30 EBG mine-clearing truck do not. Aside from a few of these specialist vehicles, the French Army has entirely replaced the AMX-30 with the Leclerc.
photo © Hedwig Klawuttke on Wikimedia Commons CC:Attribution-ShareAlike